The Quran confirms Jesus is the Prophet of God, the Messiah who was born of a Virgin mother. It declares Jesus to be the Word of God, and the Spirit of God, and the Messenger of God.
The Quran also praises God for having a son. "Glory be to Him that He have for Him a son". 4:171
The Quran reminds us that Jesus did not go to the people of Israel in his full glory as the King of Israel but came as nothing more than a Prophet. Some of Israel did believe in him but most rejected Jesus as their Messiah and King.
Mohammad preached that Jesus was a righteous son, a servant of God who did not fail in his obedience to God and describes him as a stream of running water and the one who is nearest to God.
The Quran describes Jesus as "the Way" (43:61), "the Truth" (19:34) and "the Life" (3:49, 5:110, 7:127). It links his fate to the fate of all people (5:17) and reminds us that Jesus attested to the truth of the Torah and made lawful for believers what was forbidden to them (3:50). The Quran reminds us that Jesus revealed what they could eat and what treasures they should store up. Reminding us that Jesus is a sign for believers and he will come again on the day of Judgement (3:49, 43:61).
Jesus is the one to obey (3:50, 43:63),
He is the one we should follow (3:55,43:61) and the one we should not reject (5:78).
It is often said that the Quran denies that Jesus died on the cross, however when we read the verse, it instead challenges those who boasted they killed and crucified him. The Quran does not deny any New Testament teaching, instead it confirms Jesus gave his life willingly; no one took his life from him. The Quran confirms that Jesus lives and will come again on the last day to bear witness of our sins.
Not only does the Quran remind us of what we already know of Jesus but also of what we should know of him. The Quran challenges the false doctrines that add to God's word and helps us to realise exactly who Jesus is and realise how accurately the Scriptures and the Gospels have described him.
3:49 And (appoint him) a messenger to the Children of Israel, (with this message): "I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah's leave: And I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah's leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe."
3:52 When Jesus found Unbelief on their part He said: "Who will be my supporters in the cause of God?"
5:112 Behold! the disciples, said: "O Jesus the son of Mary! can thy Lord send down to us a table set from heaven?" Said Jesus: "Fear Allah, if ye have faith."
5:114 Said Jesus the son of Mary: "O Allah our Lord! Send us from heaven a table set, that there may be for us-for the first and the last of us-a solemn festival and a sign from thee; and provide for our sustenance, for thou art the best Sustainer."
5:116 Allah will say: "O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah?" He will say: "Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart . . ."
19:30 He said: "I am indeed a servant of Allah: He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet."
19:31 "And He hath made me blessed wheresoever I be, and hath enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live."
19:32 "(He) hath made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing or miserable."
19:33 "So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)!"
43:63 When Jesus came with Clear Signs, he said: "Now have I come to you with Wisdom, and in order to make clear to you some of the (points) on which ye dispute: therefore fear Allah and obey me."
61:6 And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (sent) to you, confirming the Law (which came) before me, and giving Glad Tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad." But when he came to them with Clear Signs, they said, "this is evident sorcery!"
61:14 O you who believe! Be God's supporters, as Jesus the son of Mary said to his disciples: "Who are my supporters towards God". The disciples said: "We are God's supporters". Thus a portion of the Children of Israel believed, and a portion disbelieved: But We gave power to those who believed, against their enemies, and they became the ones that prevailed.
Jesus is NOT
The Quran helps us understand who Jesus is and who he is not. It reminds us of the truth of Gospel message but it also challenges the false doctrines that have been included in the church's teachings.
The apostle Paul warned of false teachings that would that would divide the church.
False doctrines include: Mary declared to be the mother of God. The belief that we can count God or say God is three or three in one. Calling Jesus the second part of a three-part equal-sided triangle, or any teaching that says Jesus is both God and Man or God Incarnate.
Such teachings are not part of the Old Testament Scriptures or the New Testament Gospels. They are doctrines that entered the Church long before Mohammad's time and still divide the Church today.
Although many will stubbornly defend such falsehoods, there are three witnesses that declare that God is One. Both the Bible and Quran clearly state that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and was born from a virgin mother.
Jesus' disciples never said he was God and Jesus never declared that he was God. Jesus was born the Son of God. Peter declared him to be the Christ, the Son of the living God (Matthew 16:16), and Jesus was sentenced to death because he claimed to be the Son of God (John 5:18).
John wrote his Gospel so we would believe that Jesus is the Messiah and the Son of God (John 20:31).
The Quran praises God for having a Son (4:171) and confirms that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and was therfore rightly the Son of God. What the Quran also does is challenge the extreme views and false doctrines associated with the meaning of the term 'Son of God'.
The Quran challenges the doctrine of Adoptionism; the doctrine that Jesus was a righteous man adopted or "taken" by God and challenges the other extreme; the view that Jesus was another God; a begotten Son separate to his father.
The Quran reinforces the truth and helps us to understand who Jesus is, but also challenges the assumptions and false doctrines that are not part of the Gospel that we have received.